BACKGROUND: Definition of the term 'bullshit' whenever used online by John Cadogan
People erroneously often conflate the term 'bullshit' with 'lies'. They are not the same thing.
In using the term 'bullshit' in this website, I am certainly not accusing the alleged purveyors thereof, of lying.
The only academic treatise on bullshit of which I am aware is that of Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Princeton University, Harry G Frankfurt: On Bullshit. It's a 67-page dissertation on one of the most salient features of modern life, and well worth the read.
In a nutshell, Professor Frankfurt concludes that bullshit is independent of truth or falsehood. Rather, he says, bullshit is a representation of facts, issues or things that could be entirely true, or entirely false, or any intermediate proportion of truth or falsehood. The salient feature of bullshit is that it serves only to promote the underlying agenda of the bullshitter.
Professor Frankfurt says:
"What bullshit essentially misrepresents is neither the state of affairs to which it refers, nor the beliefs of the speaker concerning that state of affairs. Those are what lies misrepresent, by virtue of being false. Since bullshit need not be false, it differs from lies in its misrepresentational intent. The bullshitter may not deceive us, or even pretend to do so, either about the facts, or what he takes the facts to be. What he does necessarily attempt to do is deceive us about his enterprise. His only indispensably distinctive characteristic is that in a certain way he misrepresents what he is up to."
Whenever used online by me, the core definition proposed by Professor Frankfurt is what the term bullshit and its derivatives relate to.
When you fly first class, they make you feel special for the duration, not just on boarding. How would you expect to be treated, as a Mercedes-Benz luxury flagship S-Class owner?
Yes, people really are this stupid. It's quite confronting, when you think about it, but also relaxing on an otherwise stressful Friday at work...
The tragedy of salary sacrifice is that not nearly enough employees are using it. They are one of the last great 'free kicks' handed out by the Government.
If you think going into a dealership at the end of the month is all it takes to save thousands on a new car, it's time to reconsider your approach
Narrowing down your short list can be tricky - and the problem can be compounded by the sheer volume of choice in the market.
All those cars. All that burning. Did you ever think about what was coming out the tailpipe? This report will bend your brain on emissions.
How do you tell which SUV will be more economical in the real world - and if you've got the cash for a new one, do you really care?
How do you tell - really tell - if those tyres are correctly inflated? Getting this right can save you hundreds in preventing premature wear.
You're considering a diesel, but you've heard horror stories about DPFs and sky-high replacement cost. Here's what you need to know.
This happy customer used my process, saved $5500 off the recommended drive-away price and, two months in, couldn't be happier.
The authorities and the courts are next to useless at getting bad drivers off the roads - so if you don't want to die on the roads this Christmas, here's how
Seven-seat SUVs come in two basic 'flavours': hard and soft. Which one is right for you depends entirely on what you plan to do with it.